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Thread: Zaysanovskaya Neolithic culture. Russian Far East .

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  1. #1

    May 2015
    Kamcha
    338
    1113 times
    All Types Of Treasure Hunting

    Zaysanovskaya Neolithic culture. Russian Far East .

    Short excursion.
    Russian Far East is a huge territory which includes several big geographical regions - the Amur Region (Middle Amur and Lower Amur), the Maritime Region (Primorye) and Sakhalin Island (Fig. 1). First archaeological investigations started here about 100 years ago and today spe- cialists have bright historical panorama of origi- nal cultures and traditions from the Upper Paleolithic sites to the early states of the Middle Ages. The Neolithic period, 13-3,000 BP1,,, is one of the most interesting and intriguing.
    During more than 10,000 years the inhabitants of the region created and developed specific economical model highly adapted to the variety of natural landscapes —forests, mountains, lakes, river valleys, sea banks, plains etc.
    In the Russian Far East archaeologists made dis- coveries which changed traditional points of view and the understanding of the Neolithic in its classic version (so called “Neolithic Revolution”). The arrival of agriculture was pretty late (about 5-4,500 BP) and the production of food was not the main strategy almost till the colonization of the Far East by Russian settlers during XIX-early XX centuries. Starting from the end of Pleistocene local cultures demonstrated high technological level and a number of inno- vations which reflected the dynamic evolution of economical and social structures of their society.

    Russian Far East. Location of cultures : 1- Gromatukha; 2- Novopetrovka; 3- Osipovka;
    4- Mariinskaya; 5- Malyshevo, Kondon, Voznesenovka;
    6- Rudnaya; 7- Vetka; 8- Boisman; 9- Zaisanovka; 10- Neolithic cultures of Sakhalin Island.
    Attached Images Attached Images  

  2. #2

    May 2015
    Kamcha
    338
    1113 times
    All Types Of Treasure Hunting
    Zaisanovkaya Culture: This culture is represented by dozens of sites located on the territories of southern and eastern Maritime Region, both along the coast and in the inland. For the first time it was described as a culture in mid 1950s on the base of excavation of Zaisanovka-1 site and specific ornamentation of the pottery, comb- incised or comb-stamped vertical zigzag.( Fig. 1 )
    Most of the sites have remains or traces of per- manent dwellings (pit-house type) and other constructions for storage or ritual activity. The size of houses is usually between 10 and 45 sq. meters, averaging 20-30 sq. m. Traditionally the fire-place is in the middle. Also traces of post- holes, assemblages of implements, and remains of stone-tool production were found on the floors in the dwellings.
    Two leading techniques are dominating in the stone industry –retouched tools on flakes and tools with partial or total grinding of the surface. Such materials as flint, jasper, tuff, chert and very often, obsidian were used by Zaisanovka knappers. Toolkit is varied and reflects complex hunting-fishing-gathering activities –projectile points, scrapers, drills, knives, adzes, axes, chis- els. In rare cases (bad conditions for faunal preservation were poor) they are accompanied by instruments from bone and antler –fishing hooks, points, needles, perforators etc.
    Most of the pottery was baked by low-temperature firing (600-650 C) and may be divided into many groups and types according to size, configuration, ornamentation, and function . There is good evidence of some local type which were widespread in southern, southwestern or western regions of Primorye.
    The ceramic assemblage also includes spindle whorls of conical and biconical form along with some art items –anthropomorphic mask, small figurines, ceramic rings, pendants, amulets etc. Deer, wild boar, fox, tiger and bear were the objects of Zaisanovka hunters. Sea coast, rivers, ponds and lakes were explored intensively in frames of fishing and gathering activities.
    First signs or food production are known in the very end of Zaisanovka culture. During the excavation of Krounovka-1 site grains of two species of millet (Panicum miliaceum and Setaria italica) were found. Most of the archaeologists connect this with the cultural influence from Chinese territory and underline slow and controversial character of this process . Unfortunately no real burials which belong to Zaisanovka culture were discovered and the anthropological type of these people is still unknown. Many carbon dates were done for sites and complexes of Zaisanovka culture. Its time-period is between 5370-3500 BP.



    Fig. 1: Zaisanovka Culture: 1- Clay vessel . 2- Types of pottery . 3- Obsidian tools from Gladkaya Site .
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  3. #3

    May 2015
    Kamcha
    338
    1113 times
    All Types Of Treasure Hunting
    I show you the items found at the mouth of the river Gladkaya. The river flows into the Expedition Bay, the Sea of Japan.
    During the construction of the road, a part of the ancient settlement was touched and destroyed. I was lucky enough to discover the "Neolithic dump". Among the "Neolithic garbage" - a huge number of broken ceramic dishes, I found some interesting items that I present to your attention.
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  4. #4
    Charter Member
    us
    Jul 2006
    Florida
    Minelab_Equinox_ 800 Minelab_CTX-3030 Minelab_Excal_1000 Minelab_Sovereign_GT Minelab_Safari Minelab_ETrac Whites_Beach_Hunter_ID Fisher_1235_X
    37,392
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    Thread moved to our new European Ancient Artifact forum.
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  5. #5
    us
    Jan 2010
    Eastern oregon
    840
    1180 times
    All Types Of Treasure Hunting
    That is a well used flake knife.Looking forward to seeing other items
    Tnmountains likes this.

  6. #6

    May 2005
    Drake, Costa Rica
    430
    645 times
    Geradot
    do you have any pictures of the "Neolithic dump" site?

  7. #7

    May 2005
    Drake, Costa Rica
    430
    645 times
    Quote Originally Posted by Treasure_Hunter View Post
    Thread moved to our new European Ancient Artifact forum.
    European ??
    Macron would be pleased

    Bill

  8. #8
    us
    Dennis

    Jan 2012
    Montana
    White's MXT
    6,584
    5367 times
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    Banner Finds (1)
    Quote Originally Posted by Treasure_Hunter View Post
    Thread moved to our new European Ancient Artifact forum.

    This area is not in Europe, it is in Eastern Russia. Almost half way across the World.
    Geradot likes this.

  9. #9

    May 2015
    Kamcha
    338
    1113 times
    All Types Of Treasure Hunting
    Quote Originally Posted by old digger View Post
    This area is not in Europe, it is in Eastern Russia. Almost half way across the World.
    It is also difficult for me to imagine the Far East as Europe.

  10. #10

    May 2015
    Kamcha
    338
    1113 times
    All Types Of Treasure Hunting
    Probably, it would be correct to name the section - "Ancient artifacts of Eurasia"
    BillA likes this.

  11. #11

    May 2015
    Kamcha
    338
    1113 times
    All Types Of Treasure Hunting
    Quote Originally Posted by BillA View Post
    Geradot
    do you have any pictures of the "Neolithic dump" site?
    Unfortunately, there are no photos. These events took place for a long time.

  12. #12

    May 2005
    Drake, Costa Rica
    430
    645 times
    Quote Originally Posted by Geradot View Post
    Probably, it would be correct to name the section - "Ancient artifacts of Eurasia"
    I think the problem is that artifacts from Europe then have no home.
    lots fewer, eh?

    Bill

  13. #13

    May 2015
    Kamcha
    338
    1113 times
    All Types Of Treasure Hunting
    smoother (polisher)
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    old digger, T.C. and unclemac like this.

  14. #14

    May 2015
    Kamcha
    338
    1113 times
    All Types Of Treasure Hunting
    point
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    Tnmountains, BillA, T.C. and 2 others like this.

  15. #15

    May 2015
    Kamcha
    338
    1113 times
    All Types Of Treasure Hunting
    smoother 2
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    BillA, welsbury, T.C. and 2 others like this.

 

 
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