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  1. #1
    us
    Feb 2009
    Northcentral Florida
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    Paleo-Indians in Florida

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    PALEO-INDIANS IN FLORIDA

    In 1983, Jim Dunbar and Ben Waller published a distribution map and interpretation of the paleo-Indian sites in Florida.

    Dunbar and Waller mapped finds of diagnostic Paleo-Indian artifacts. These "diagnostics" are "...Clovis, Suwannee, or Simpson projectile points and carved ivory foreshafts or pins." (Butcher-marked bone of mammoth, horse, and giant tortoise were not included because there is evidence that these now-extinct animals lived on into a later period and may have been hunted by early Archaic Indians.)

    It is clear that Florida Paleo-Indians favored the two karst regions of the state. "Karst" is a geological term referring to near-surface, highly eroded limestone characterized by erosional features such as sink-holes, caves, fissures, and deeply-incised stream-channels.

    The isolated region (map) on the Florida-Alabama border is an area of uplifted limestone which is the toe of the Chattahoochee Anticline.

    The larger karst region is a result of the Ocala Uplift, a crustal movement which took place a few tens of millions of years ago. Today (just as 12,000 years ago), forty-million-year-old limestone is exposed at the surface in this region. Limestone of the same age (Late Eocene) remains deeply-buried in other parts of the state.

    Dunbar and Waller suggest that Paleo-Indians favored these karst regions for two reasons: 1.) for access to fresh water through sink-holes and other karst features; and 2.) for access to exposures of chert (for tool-making) which occurs within the exposed limestone.

    Adapted from: James S. Dunbar and Ben I. Waller, A DISTRIBUTION ANALYSIS OF THE CLOVIS/SUWANNEE PALEO-INDIAN SITES OF FLORIDA--A GEOGRAPHIC APPROACH (in) The Florida Anthropologist, Volume 36, Nos. 1-2, 1983.

    --------Harry Pristis
    Sometimes I go about pitying myself, and all the time
    I am being carried on great winds across the sky.

    ------Chippewa saying, translated by Robert Bly
    _____________
    http://pristis.wix.com/the-demijohn-page

  2. #2
    us
    Jan 2009
    --------->
    3,315
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    Re: Paleo-Indians in Florida

    Interesting read, thanks for posting that. They really favored the karst topography here too. Easily available lithic materials, rock shelters and caves, and many sources of clean limestone filtered water. There are miles and miles of subterranean caves here, and creeks that flow underground then reappear on the surface, and evidence of prehistory all along the karst features.
    " Stay frosty, gents "

    www.arrowheadtalk.com

  3. #3
    us
    "WP"

    May 2005
    Saint Petersburg, FL
    White's IDX Pro, Vibraprobe 570, Minelab Explorer XS w/ Sunray X-1 Probe & Sunray Stealth X-12 DD Coil
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    History, Metal Detecting, and Survival & Self-Sufficiency

    Re: Paleo-Indians in Florida

    Really cool article... heh, our area is covered on the map. Lucky us.

    Bran <><
    Rom. 10:9 that if you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved;

    Rom. 10:10 for with the heart a person believes, resulting in righteousness, and with the mouth he confesses, resulting in salvation.

  4. #4
    us
    Jan 2009
    South East Tennessee on Ga, Ala line
    Tesoro Conquistador freq shift Fisher F75 Garrett AT-Pro Larson mo jo pro Flippin stick
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    Re: Paleo-Indians in Florida

    I have spent much time in the Chattahoochee. Interesting typography. Thanks Harry I guess the Cumberland plateau falls within what is classified as a Karst area. Being in what is considered the cave belt of the south ,,,so much limestone so little time. Interesting !
    Thanks a lot. I think my brother dives some of those caves in that area?
    TnMtns
    Please read our rules and enjoy the site. TreasureNet.com Rules

    All finds posted by me are from private property with landowner permission.

  5. #5
    us
    Dec 2009
    The south
    220
    78 times
    All Types Of Treasure Hunting

    Re: Paleo-Indians in Florida

    Thank you Harry, excellent info.

  6. #6
    us
    Feb 2009
    Northcentral Florida
    1,846
    380 times

    Re: Paleo-Indians in Florida

    Quote Originally Posted by Martingeetars
    Thank you Harry, excellent info.
    Thank you. I prepared this as a hand-out to give out at shows that I did. There was so little understanding of the distribution of these Paleo-Indian artifacts.

    Jim Dunbar was the state underwater archeologist and Ben Waller was one of the first diver/collectors in the state.

    Here's a photo that Ben took after one weekend of diving in the Santa Fe in June, 1963.


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    Sometimes I go about pitying myself, and all the time
    I am being carried on great winds across the sky.

    ------Chippewa saying, translated by Robert Bly
    _____________
    http://pristis.wix.com/the-demijohn-page

  7. #7
    us
    May 2010
    Tampa Bay
    68

    Re: Paleo-Indians in Florida

    Quote Originally Posted by Harry Pristis

    Here's a photo that Ben took after one weekend of diving in the Santa Fe in June, 1963.


    Talk about a Monty Haul!
    -Darren

  8. #8
    us
    Feb 2009
    Fort White, Florida
    DFX, Tesoro Lobo
    194
    1 times

    Re: Paleo-Indians in Florida

    I sure love N. Florida!

    ~Mike
    All your treasures are belong to us

 

 

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