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Thread: 12 INCH TROMMEL BUILD

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  1. #1
    us
    Minning Tools: 12" Trommel, Royal Drywasher, Viper-Vac, Miller Table, Blue Bowl, Footprints, Google Earth, These Are Just Tools As You Still Have To Be On The Gold

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    12 INCH TROMMEL BUILD

    This thread has gotten very large and you will need to work through all the pages to view all the images of this build. The project started out to be completed quickly but family and medical issues popped up during the course of the build. Each of the 1434 holes were drilled by hand. This allowed for a much stronger cylinder over using expanded metal. The classifying area is much smaller than others used. More of the cylinder was reserved for breaking up and cleaning before heading to the classifier. Here are updated photos of the finished trommel.



    Page 34 has all the photos of the finished trommel.


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    I will begin my trommel build soon. Been gathering ideas and have come up with a plan. I am a believer that the classification area does not need to be all that large. The idea is to wash and tumble the rocks/dirt prior to the rock/dirt arriving at the classification area. Furthermore The spray bar will be mounted inside the cylinder so that the rocks get washed properly while 3/4" angle iron welded in the solid section of the cylinder as shown in the diagram below. Using this method will allow the rocks to fall away while still agitating the rocks. There will be no issues with rocks climbing the walls of the cylinder due to centrifugal force while maintaining a cylinder RPM between 18 and 30 RPM's due to the RPM of the engine. My gear reduction will be, Engine 2" pulley to a 12" pulley, then a 1.625" sprocket to a 14.69" sprocket. At 1000 engine RPM the cylinder will rotate 18.5 RPM's. At 1500 engine RPM's the cylinder will rotate at 27.5 RPM's.

    The cylinder will have 1/2" holes drilled in this configuration. 3/4 inch angle iron will be welded to the inside..

    I picked up the rolled 1/8" cylinder. Will use the drill guide to punch mark where the holes will need to be drilled. The solid rolled steel cylinder will be strong due to its solid design and not made from 3 separate pieces of metal. After reading the reviews on the Predator 6.5 HP engine in the go kart forums it was a no brainer not to try the motor, if it does not work out then a Honda will be put in its place. Picked it up for $79.00 new.

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    The 14" sprocket, 2" sprocket, 2" pulley, 12" pulley, 3/4" flange bearings, roller blade wheels are on the way. Everything else I can pick up locally. I have all the square tubing in the shop. Hopefully I can begin soon. I have a poker table to finish up for a client this next week.

    Here is a nice RPM / Pulley Calculator. Very easy to use. Just enter data into three of the four boxes to arrive either pulley size or RPM whatever you choose. If you need to use a secondary step-down reduction of RPM's make sure you use the RPM from your first calculation to get your final RPM. You can also download the calculators so it runs from your computer. EXAMPLE: In this example I knew my engine RPM, sprocket size, and pulley size. The calculator calculated my final cylinder RPM.

    UPDATE: I added a new calculator for RPM's the old calculator was removed by the designer.

    RPM CALCULATOR

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    Last edited by AzViper; Aug 31, 2014 at 12:21 AM.
    “He who builds their own equipment has a better understanding of what works and what does not work”



  2. #2
    us
    Pannin' Fer Gold!! WolfPack="WP"

    Feb 2011
    Greenwood, SC
    Garrett GTA 500 (need a new/better one)
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    Awesome I have been slowly picking up spare items to build me a trommel one day in the near future, say by next year.....KEEP US POSTED as to how it goes!!
    Aurabbit79er likes this.
    GODS, GUNS & GUTS made this COUNTRY FREE...I'll KEEP all THREE you can have the CHANGE!!!!!!!!!!

  3. #3
    jog
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    jog

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    Are you planning on connecting the motor directly to the drive gear or are you going to install a clutch in line?

  4. #4

    May 2012
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    Why such a small classification area? All the commercial units seem to be full length?

  5. #5
    us
    Minning Tools: 12" Trommel, Royal Drywasher, Viper-Vac, Miller Table, Blue Bowl, Footprints, Google Earth, These Are Just Tools As You Still Have To Be On The Gold

    Sep 2012
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    Quote Originally Posted by jcazgoldchaser View Post
    Why such a small classification area? All the commercial units seem to be full length?
    No need to have a large classification area. Everything that needs to drop into the sluice will in the 12 inch area that I have reserved for classification. The first 30 inches will have the angle iron welded as seen in my drawing. This area is designated for the washing and tumbling of the rocks. I have seen a handful of trommels with much smaller classification area. Commercially made trommels are over priced and as far as I am concern the reason they build the cylinder full length is that they are taking a cheap approach and using expanded metal. The approach I am taking with my cylinder is far superior than what's on the market and what I have seen in the forums. Yes it will be time consuming to drill the holes and maybe I should have paid to have the holes pre punched and then rolled.
    Last edited by AzViper; May 02, 2014 at 10:11 AM.
    Goodyguy, Oregon Viking and T.C. like this.
    “He who builds their own equipment has a better understanding of what works and what does not work”



  6. #6
    us
    Minning Tools: 12" Trommel, Royal Drywasher, Viper-Vac, Miller Table, Blue Bowl, Footprints, Google Earth, These Are Just Tools As You Still Have To Be On The Gold

    Sep 2012
    Arizona - Is there any other state worth visiting in the southwest?
    Fisher Gold Bug Pro, Nokta FORS Gold, Garrett ATX, Sun Ray Gold Pro Headphones, Royal Pick, Etc.
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    Quote Originally Posted by jog View Post
    Are you planning on connecting the motor directly to the drive gear or are you going to install a clutch in line?
    Jog will be done like yours, but you have a gear reduction on your Honda. I will need to use a larger pulley to get down to the 18 to 24 cylinder RPM's. I understand your GX 160 has a gear reduction along with a clutch. I have seen plenty of trommels without a clutch. I may set it up so I have a lever to disengage the belt while starting.
    Last edited by AzViper; Jul 15, 2013 at 06:53 AM.
    “He who builds their own equipment has a better understanding of what works and what does not work”



  7. #7

    May 2012
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    Quote Originally Posted by AzViper View Post
    No need to have a large classification area. Everything that needs to drop into the sluice will in the 15 inch area that I have reserved for classification. The first 30 inches will have the angle iron welded as seen in my drawing. This area is designated for the washing and tumbling of the rocks. I have seen a handful of trommels with much smaller classification area. Commercially made trommels are over priced and as far as I am concern the reason they build the cylinder full length is that they are taking a cheap approach and using expanded metal. The approach I am taking with my cylinder is far superior than what's on the market and what I have seen in the forums. Yes it will be time consuming to drill the holes and maybe I should have paid to have the holes pre punched and then rolled.
    Yeah, after jog's thread,... I was kidding.

    Were the angle running the whole length? If so, would you want holes in the classifier section where the angle will run?

  8. #8
    us
    Minning Tools: 12" Trommel, Royal Drywasher, Viper-Vac, Miller Table, Blue Bowl, Footprints, Google Earth, These Are Just Tools As You Still Have To Be On The Gold

    Sep 2012
    Arizona - Is there any other state worth visiting in the southwest?
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    Quote Originally Posted by jcazgoldchaser View Post
    Yeah, after jog's thread,... I was kidding.

    Were the angle running the whole length? If so, would you want holes in the classifier section where the angle will run?
    Post number 1 I address the length of the weld angle iron within the cylinder. As I said earlier the idea is to completely wash the rocks prior to the classification area. The 12" is plenty of length for anything smaller than 1/2" to fall through the 1400 plus 1/2 holes that will be in the classification area of the cylinder.
    Last edited by AzViper; May 02, 2014 at 10:12 AM.
    “He who builds their own equipment has a better understanding of what works and what does not work”



  9. #9
    jog
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    jog

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    Why not just make your material stay in the hopper longer so it gets washed there first?

  10. #10
    us
    Minning Tools: 12" Trommel, Royal Drywasher, Viper-Vac, Miller Table, Blue Bowl, Footprints, Google Earth, These Are Just Tools As You Still Have To Be On The Gold

    Sep 2012
    Arizona - Is there any other state worth visiting in the southwest?
    Fisher Gold Bug Pro, Nokta FORS Gold, Garrett ATX, Sun Ray Gold Pro Headphones, Royal Pick, Etc.
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    Quote Originally Posted by jog View Post
    Why not just make your material stay in the hopper longer so it gets washed there first?
    The idea is to get the material from the hopper to the trommel as quickly as you can to allow the trommel to do the work so that the user can continue to load the hopper. The pre-washing within the hopper is not going to scrub the rocks clean.
    Last edited by AzViper; May 03, 2014 at 01:40 PM.
    “He who builds their own equipment has a better understanding of what works and what does not work”



  11. #11
    us
    Mar 2013
    ne okla
    Tesoro vaquero
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    Hello AZViper, I like you idea/ design and look forward to seeing your results. One thing I would do to your pipe is to weld the seam and not rely on spot welds. You might also want to add a welded band at each end around the pipe. Just a thought. Breaking down out there is no fun so try to anticipate what could happen and 'fix-it' before leaving.

    HH, yelnif

  12. #12

    May 2012
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    Quote Originally Posted by yelnif View Post
    Hello AZViper, I like you idea/ design and look forward to seeing your results. One thing I would do to your pipe is to weld the seam and not rely on spot welds. You might also want to add a welded band at each end around the pipe. Just a thought. Breaking down out there is no fun so try to anticipate what could happen and 'fix-it' before leaving.

    HH, yelnif
    The Jog's build for friend thread mentioned the 14" sprocket at surplus center. That would be 1 ring. I haven't seen it discussed, but most trommels I've seen have a ring at the input to prevent water and material from flowing out the front. I guess you could cut the sprocket to perform both duties.

    Some trommels (certainly not most) that I've seen have a nugget catch at the poop end which would reenforce the back end.

  13. #13
    us
    Minning Tools: 12" Trommel, Royal Drywasher, Viper-Vac, Miller Table, Blue Bowl, Footprints, Google Earth, These Are Just Tools As You Still Have To Be On The Gold

    Sep 2012
    Arizona - Is there any other state worth visiting in the southwest?
    Fisher Gold Bug Pro, Nokta FORS Gold, Garrett ATX, Sun Ray Gold Pro Headphones, Royal Pick, Etc.
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    Quote Originally Posted by jcazgoldchaser View Post
    The Jog's build for friend thread mentioned the 14" sprocket at surplus center. That would be 1 ring. I haven't seen it discussed, but most trommels I've seen have a ring at the input to prevent water and material from flowing out the front. I guess you could cut the sprocket to perform both duties.

    Some trommels (certainly not most) that I've seen have a nugget catch at the poop end which would reenforce the back end.
    Not sure where the 14.69" sprocket is measured from. Whether its the overall diameter or from the saddle of the teeth of the sprocket. Until it arrives I will not know. If its the overall diameter then I have 14.69" minus 12" = 2.69" divided by 2 = 1.345" that will be raised above the cylinder. Parts are slowly trickling in. I need to pick up a fresh bottle of 75/25 mix of gas for my TIG and MIG welders. The flange bearings and sealed bearings for the wheels will be here this week. I made up the flange bearing cradle from 2" x 3" tubing I had in the shop. Once the bearing are here I will be able to drill and get them aligned and mounted. The plan is to make the cradle adjustable so that I can make fine adjustments to the chain tension. Although this will also make a change to the 12" pulley. I believe I will make the motor mount adjustable so that I can make tension adjustments on the pulleys/belt.

    Click image for larger version. 

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    Last edited by AzViper; May 02, 2014 at 10:13 AM.
    “He who builds their own equipment has a better understanding of what works and what does not work”



  14. #14
    jog
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    jog

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    Quote Originally Posted by AzViper View Post
    The idea is to get the material from the hopper to the trommel as quickly as you can to allow the trommel to do the work so that the user can continue to load the hopper. The pre-washing within the hopper is not going to scrub the boulders clean, the tumbling and water being jetted onto the boulders will. The nozzles I will be using spray in a circular pattern. I will have 6 mounted on the spray bar within the solid section of the trommel and 3 within the classification area.
    So you have said my trommel spins to fast and you are going to slow yours way down. If the trommel is spinning real slow and you keep stuffing the hopper won't the material get backed up or overload the drum? Sounds to me like you will have to feed the hopper at the same speed as what the drum is turning, "slow".

  15. #15
    us
    Minning Tools: 12" Trommel, Royal Drywasher, Viper-Vac, Miller Table, Blue Bowl, Footprints, Google Earth, These Are Just Tools As You Still Have To Be On The Gold

    Sep 2012
    Arizona - Is there any other state worth visiting in the southwest?
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    Quote Originally Posted by jog View Post
    So you have said my trommel spins to fast and you are going to slow yours way down. If the trommel is spinning real slow and you keep stuffing the hopper won't the material get backed up or overload the drum? Sounds to me like you will have to feed the hopper at the same speed as what the drum is turning, "slow".
    Remember what you have said, Angle, Angle, Angle of the trommel determines the rate of flow not the speed of the cylinder turning. I was not the only one who said it was spinning to fast. My trommel will run about the half the speed of your trommel. There so many variables one can do to the inside of the cylinder. I like your design but prefer the spray bar on the inside.
    Last edited by AzViper; May 03, 2014 at 01:41 PM.
    “He who builds their own equipment has a better understanding of what works and what does not work”



 

 
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